Temperature is vital for Axolotls anything over 68 degrees is too hot and needs to be lowered.
Water quality is very important for the heath of your Axolotls. Good clean water goes a very long way in maintaining a healthy axolotl.
Feeding Juveniles- Juvies eat a lot when growing. the easiest thing to feed is black worms as it helps them grow rapidly in their road to adulthood. If black worms aren't available Tadpole/salamander pellets can work. but specially designed axolotl pellets are preferred.
When feeding pellets it can be a learning experience for the axolotl as they are used to eating live foods and feeding based on movement.
We will not sell or send out any axolotl that does not eat pellets reliably. (unless stated in the description) this is to make sure you don't have to worry if you cant find a suitable live food in your area and need to use pellets, or if you choose to feed pellets regularly
my personal favorite food for a juvenile axolotl is live black worms as they are fully aquatic and will survive in the tank with them until eaten. so it makes feeding a breeze and Axolotls absolutely love them.
Having a strong colony of Beneficial Bacteria is necessary in keeping your water Suitable for your axolotl. The beneficial bacteria live in your tanks filter and on all surfaces in your tank that are underwater. Beneficial bacteria eat ammonia put out by your axolotls waste and turn the ammonia into less toxic chemicals. I've added a video below that can explain the process of this in Greater detail.
Tank Set-Up & Decorations
Feeding Adults- I feed my full grown adults a full size earth worm every other day, This seems to be the right amount of food for all of my adults. Generally a good rule of thumb is keep the stomach of your Axolotl as wide as its head.
One adult axolotl needs a 20 Gallon long aquarium at least. Add an extra 10 gallons for every axolotl added.
Filtration- Axolotls have a high waste output. To combat that a good rule of thumb is to double what your tank calls for with filtration. 20 gallon tank= 40 gallon rated filter and so on for your tank size.
Male and Female axolotls need to be housed separately, the males will breed the females ragged and it will cost your females health or even her life. Axolotls can be sexed anywhere from 10 months old to 18 months. females have a smooth section behind the rear legs where males have to distinct lumps behind there rear legs.
Too much water movement can stress out some axolotls. If this is the case you can use tank decorations to break up the flow of the water from the filter. Turtle docks and large plant decorations work well for this.
Axolotls are soft and squishy creatures. That being said anything with sharp corners or hard plants should be avoided. Even minor cuts are prone to infection. If any part of your decorations are pointy or slight sharp to the touch they should be filed down or not used at all.
Hides- Your axolotl is going to need a place it can hide from light and feel safe, every single Axolotl needs its own hide. The hide should be large enough to fit the whole Axolotl and have an opening no smaller than 3 inches in diameter. My personal favorite hides are 6" PVC elbows.
Substrate- You really have 3 options. Bare bottom, Fine Grain Sand or a Mud bottom. look into what kind of tank you want and do what suites your needs. The important part is any Axolotl smaller than 5" needs a bare bottom. NO GRAVEL, the way Axolotls eat is a quick suction motion and swallowing prey whole. they will also suck in some substrate but they cannot pass gravel. Adults can pass sand and dirt no problem. But young Axolotls have issues with sand so bare bottom only while young.